Percy Lennox Young

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Percy Lennox Young. Image courtesy

YOUNG, Percy Lennox

Service no: 355 [1]

Place of birth: Orange, 1890

Address: Clyde, Done Street, Arncliffe

Occupation: Engineer

Next of kin: Ida Evelyn Young (wife), Clyde, Done Street, Arncliffe

Date of enlistment: 25 February 1915

Place of enlistment: Liverpool

Age at enlistment: 25

Fate: Joined 19th Battalion, A Company, February 1915. Promoted to Sergeant 29 March 1915. Embarked HMAT A40 Ceramic, Sydney, 25 June 1915. Hospitalised with dysentery, Malta, 2 October 1915. Hospitalised Birmingham, UK, with rheumatic fever 10 October 1915. Court martialled for altering pay book to the value of £24, 8 June 1916. Embarked Marathon, UK, for return to Australia, 8 August 1916. Disembarked Melbourne 26 September 1916. Discharged from AIF due to medical unfitness 30 October 1916.

Date of death: 27 April 1918

Buried: Woronora Memorial Park, Presbyterian Monumental Section H 0022

Percy Lennox Young was born in Orange in 1890. He was one of 12 children born in Orange and various Sydney suburbs to Arthur Lennox Young and Ada Seers. Nothing can be found of his early life, however being an engineer by trade one could assume that he received a good secondary and possibly tertiary education.

In 1911 Percy married Ida Evelyn Smith in Ashfield and two children were born of the union: Winifred, born 1912, and Jean Margaret, born 1913. Sadly, Jean died at the age of eight months.

Prior to his enlistment at Liverpool on 25 February 1915 Percy served three years with the No 1 Electric Co Engineers for. He was attached to 19th Battalion, A Company, and one month later was promoted to Sergeant. On 29 March 1915 he embarked per HMAT A40 Ceramic in Sydney. Percy was hospitalised twice during October 1915, once for dysentery, in Malta, and later for rheumatic fever, in England.

On 8 June 1916 at Weymouth in England, Sergeant Percy Young stood before a court martial for:

Knowingly and with intent to defraud altering a document which it was his duty to preserve

He pleaded guilty to altering his pay book to the sum of £24 and thereby overdrew his account to the extent of £21 5s. In his defence, he said he had planned to return the money when further funds had arrived from Australia. He did not realise that this would be such a serious crime.

Percy was found guilty and the sentence imposed:

To be reduced to the ranks and to undergo detention for 112 days

After sentencing Percy’s Medical Report on an Invalid states:

Immediately after [the court martial] he developed Mental symptoms – became nervous, frightened, looked wild and distracted and lost the power of speech.

Percy was diagnosed with hysterical aphonia [loss of the voice resulting from psychological causes] and was declared unit for general service for more than six months and unfit for home service. The opinion of the doctor who made the diagnosis was that Percy’s disability was:

caused by the shock of trial by Court Martial

Percy Young returned to Melbourne, Australia, on 26 September 1916 via HMAT Marathon. He was discharged from the Australian Imperial Force on 30 October 1916 as medically unfit, although his speech did return.

The scars of war can be physical, but they can also be mental. A body was found in the Gap Park, Watsons Bay, in May 1918 which was later identified as Percy Lennox Young. He had suffered a bullet wound to the head. A Coroner’s Court ruled Percy’s injury to be self-inflicted.

Percy Lennox Young, aged 28, was laid to rest in Presbyterian Section of the Woronora Cemetery alongside his eight-month-old daughter Jean and his father Arthur Lennox Young.

  • Sharon Jameson, October 2018
Percy Lennox Young. Image courtesy National Archives of Australia.
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