Thomas Cravino

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Service no: 3782 [1]

Place of birth: Mullion Creek, 1892

Address: Maxwell Street, Wellington

Occupation: Labourer

Next of kin: Elizabeth Rowe (mother), Maxwell Street, Wellington

Date of enlistment: 26 October 1915

Place of enlistment: Holsworthy

Age at enlistment: 21

Fate: Embarked HMAT A54 Runic, Sydney, 20 January 1916. Disembarked, Alexandria, 26 February 1916. Embarked, Alexandria, to join British Expeditionary Force, Alexandria, 27 March 1916. Disembarked, Marseilles, 3 April 1916. Taken on strength 2nd DBD, Etaples, 5 April 1916. Taken on strength 19th Battalion, France, 13 May 1916. Admitted to 1st Canadian Clearing Station with a gunshot wound to the back, 27 May 1916. Admitted to 13th General Hospital 28 May 1916. Embarked HS Cambria, Boulogne, 6 June 1916. Admitted to 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Harefield, England, 10 July 1916. Transferred to Convalescent Depot, Epsom, 18 July 1916. Taken on strength 5th Training Battalion, 9 October 1916. Rejoined battalion, France, 24 June 1917. Admitted to 54th General Hospital, France, with bursitis and bronchitis, 15 December 1917. Embarked St David for England 27 December 1917. Admitted to 1st General Hospital, Liverpool, 28 December 1917. Transferred to 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Harefield, 14 February 1918. Granted furlough from 19 February to 5 March 1918. Rejoined battalion, France, 10 May 1918. Killed in action, France, 29 August 1918.

Date of death: 29 August 1918

Buried: Assevillers New British Cemetery, France, Plot 2, Row F, Grave 4

Thomas Cravino was born in Mullion Creek in 1892 to gold prospector Thomas Cravino snr and his wife Elizabeth nee Smith. He was educated at the Wellington Public School and was later employed by Thomas Rowe of North Wellington.

In October 1915 Thomas travelled to Holsworthy to enlist in the First World War. He was assigned to the 19th Battalion, 9th Reinforcement as a private.

Private Cravino embarked for overseas service in January 1916. He served in Egypt for one month, until joining the British Expeditionary Force and proceeding to the Western Front in France.

In late May Private Cravino was wounded in action, sustaining a gunshot to the lower back. He was transferred to the 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital in Harefield, England, and later to the Convalescent Depot in Epsom.

In October 1916 Thomas was taken on strength with the 5th Training Battalion. He rejoined his battalion in France in June 1917.

Thomas was admitted to the 54th General Hospital in December 1917 with bursitis and bronchitis. Six weeks later he was again transferred to the 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital in Harefield for treatment. After a period of furlough Thomas rejoined his unit in France in May 1918.

Thomas Cravino was killed in action on 29 August 1918 during the Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin. He is commemorated on panel number 88 on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.

Thomas’ brother William Cravino also served in WWI; he returned to Australia in July 1918.

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